7 habits of highly effective teens: the ultimate teenage success guide teachers guide

When Emily B. Martin was a kid, she had lots of dream jobs, including writer, illustrator, and National Park Service ranger. But all three at once? She never imagined she’d hit that jackpot. Today, however, that’s exactly what she’s doing, using her experiences as a park ranger as inspiration for popular adventure-fantasy novels.

Martin’s latest book, Sunshield, is an engrossing story that takes place in a troubled world full of dramatic landscapes. It covers hefty themes like conservation, human trafficking, and gender equality, and its settings are inspired by environments Martin knows well. “I first conceived of Sunshield when I was working in Yellowstone as a ranger,” she says. “Like many of my stories, it was really the natural setting that fueled the story.” 

It is the first title in a duology that Martin is calling The Outlaw Road, set in the fantastical Eastern World that she created and explored in her past works. Martin illustrated the maps of the Eastern World that are included in the beginning of the book, helping readers better visualize the land as she does: the dusty deserts and canyons of the country of Alcoro were inspired by her time working at Philmont Scout Ranch, located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of New Mexico, while the lush scenery of Moquoia, another Eastern World nation, is meant to invoke the maple, cedar, and redwood forests of the Pacific Northwest. 

“Awareness can start in a fantasy or fiction novel.”


Sunshield is noticeably absent of vehicles and technology and seems to take place sometime during the 19th century. It follows three protagonists as they fight to end a slave-labor system that powers factories and mining quarries, tears families apart, and physically abuses and exploits bonded workers. The main characters’ lives intersect to reveal how an individual’s choices influence the people and landscape around them—a cornerstone of conservation philosophy that Martin wove into the plot. First, there’s Lark (also known as the Sunshield Bandit), a Robin Hood–like outlaw who rescues bonded workers by holding up the stagecoaches transporting them. Then we have Veran, a sometimes-insecure diplomat hoping to dismantle the labor system. Finally, Tamsin is a prisoner captured for speaking the truth about the system’s corruption, a narrative that becomes the focal point of the book’s climatic rescue mission. 

Martin tackles subjects like human-rights abuses and socioeconomic inequality in a compelling way. The bonded workers Lark rescues, for instance, have all experienced emotional and physical traumas, which are discussed frankly. Many characters have dark skin—a far cry from fantasy literature of the past, which reflected predominantly white men. There’s also feminist bent to the story, one found in Martin’s books more generally. “As a park ranger, I work with women who are firefighters, cops, and bear researchers,” Martin says. “Strong female characters are the least fantastical part of these stories.” The result is a believable—and better yet, relatable—set of female characters.

The book also contains subplots about topics like ecological interconnectedness and species loss. At one point in the story, hundreds of thousands of birds begin to die outside Moquoia’s glass palace after flying into its transparent, man-made walls; simultaneously, people start to get sick with a deadly flu caused by mosquito bites. Martin raises questions about the overall ecology behind those events in her fantasy world: Could the influx of mosquitoes be related to the dying birds? Are the birds’ deaths preventable? 

(Photo: Courtesy Harper Collins)

Martin, who now spends her summers working as a ranger in Yellowstone and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, knew a thing or two about the American landscape and how to get people to care about it even before she was an author. She has a master’s degree in parks management, and her graduate studies focused on assessing how ranger programs could more effectively encourage visitors to support preserved areas. “The more we start to see the impact we have, we can’t get away from it,” she says.

Martin hopes her stories will start a larger conversation about social issues and the environmental catastrophes that she sees in her ranger work. “The power of fiction is introducing these issues in such a way that you see it played out on the page, but you’re removed from it,” she says. “Awareness can start in a fantasy or fiction novel.”

It’s this attitude—that together we can change the turbulent state of our world—that Martin relays to readers in Sunshield, using the plot to show how individual actions can make a big difference. Even if that ethos feels fantastically optimistic during these grim times, it’s a step in the right direction.

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how bright should my bike light be

A friend of mine who owns a bike shop here in Albuquerque, New Mexico, says his business is booming. He’s put important safety precautions in place to keep everyone healthy but has been flooded with questions and customers. That’s because people are realizing that their old bike, which more than likely gathered dust in the garage, is one of the best ways to get outside responsibly and enjoy some fresh air during the pandemic. Others who’ve never owned one might want to finally give pedaling a try. To help those of you who are either returning to a bike or getting on for the first time, here’s a list of some essential gear that will make your ride safer and more comfortable.

Kali Protectives Therapy Helmet ($100)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

Cheap helmets will protect your head, but they’re often uncomfortable, hot, and hard to adjust. That’s why I suggest the Therapy, which isn’t stupid expensive and comes with features that make it much easier to wear. It’s one of the comfiest helmets I’ve ever used, thanks to a deep head cup and a micro-adjuster on the rear headband that provides a precise fit. Tons of vents dump heat on hot days, and the chin strap stays in place and never rubs. Kali also uses a low-density layer of foam that helps cut down on the impact your head is subject to in crashes.

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Bontrager Ion Elite R Front Bike Light ($100)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

You should always ride with lights on—even during the day (it’s been proven that daytime lights can prevent cars from running into you). I like the Elite R because it costs just a Benjamin and beams 1,000 lumens, or enough light to help drivers see you from over a mile away, even at high noon. At night it’s bright enough to light up the street or a bike path so you can cruise at full speed. Mounting it to your handlebars is a cinch with its robust, easy-to-adjust clip. Match the Elite R with Bontrager’s Flare R rear light, which can also be seen from the same distance during the day. 

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Velocio Men’s Foundation Bib Shorts ($129)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

You might think bib shorts are overkill for a short ride or a work commute. They’re not. I wear bib shorts if I’m on a bike for longer than ten minutes. Why? Because the padded chamois makes sitting on your saddle twice as comfortable, and the sleek fit cuts down on chafing. This pair is more expensive than some other options, but I think Velocio makes the best bib shorts in the business, thanks to a precise fit and high-quality materials that breathe well. If you don’t want to look like a Tour de France cyclist on your ride, slip on a pair of overshorts (see below).

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Chrome Union Short 2.0 ($110)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

I’ll admit it: I’m vain when I’m on my bike. I don’t want to look like someone who’s out to win a European race. And if I want to stop for a to-go coffee, I don’t want to walk around in just bike bibs. That’s why I always wear the Union 2.0 over them. Made from durable, four-way-stretch nylon and spandex—and sewn with a gusseted crotch—they move well and never slow me down. They also come with many useful features, including a zippered phone pocket, a rear one big enough to carry a mini U-lock, and a reflective hit on the back hip that helps drivers see me at night. Paying more than $100 for a pair of shorts may seem ridiculous, but they’re great off the bike, too, so the value is there. 

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Hiplok DX Wearable Keyed U-Lock ($90)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

U-locks are the safest way to protect your bike. I’m a fan of this one because the bar is made of a 14-millimeter hardened steel that will ward off all but the most determined thieves. (If someone does decide to hack through it, they’ll need serious time to finish the job.) At about six inches long, the locking bar is easy to get around your frame and the fattest bike rack. The keys it comes with are easy to use and don’t require any jiggling or finesse. If you don’t ride with a backpack, the DX comes with a sturdy plastic clip that slides through your belt and allows you to confidently carry the lock on the back of your shorts. 

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Patagonia Men’s Capilene Cool Trail Bike Henley ($55)

(Photo: Jakob Schiller)

You can bike in any shirt, but this one will feel the best, I promise. That’s the work of Patagonia’s Capilene material, a recycled polyester that wicks sweat quickly to keep you drier and less stinky. (The textile treatment that fights odor also allows you to use the shirt a couple times in a row without washing.) Patagonia designed this Henley for riding a bike, with a longer hem that covers your back and butt when you’re bent over the handlebars.

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How do I get my child to stop walking on his toes?

Comments to the article: Toe walking can be normal for children aged 12 to 15 months as they try out different foot positions. In general, toe walking is nothing to worry about until your child turns 2 years old. Apart from discovering ways of moving, toe walking can stay as a habit that children keep doing over and over. Usually, this stops by the age of 5. However, due to various reasons, toe walking can still be common in children of older ages.

How to determine the direction without a compass

Where is the North located? Whether you strayed from the roadway in the forest or just chose to build a timepiece in your yard, the reality stays – occasionally there are circumstances in which a compass would not hurt.

And also this is not all: even if you have one, the compass will show you magnetic north, which, depending upon your position, frequently does not coincide with the precise instructions of the North.

So what to do in such a scenario? Check out the short article and discover a couple of brand-new ways exactly how to identify the wanted part of the globe without a compass.

I. Shadow Method

vacant area of the earth’s surface area. 2. Mark the darkness cast from the tip of the stick on the ground with

a dash or stone. 3. Wait 10-15 mins. You will certainly discover the motion of the shadow along the contour from West to East.

4. Mark the new position of the darkness that has moved a short range. 5. Connect both points of the line.

This is an approximate East-West line (one end wants to the East, the various other to the West). 6. Stand to ensure that the initial point(West)gets on your left, and also the second (Eastern)on

your right. Currently you are dealing with North, regardless of where on the planet you are.

.– >> This approach is based on the truth that the sun moves across the skies from East to West. II. Alternate darkness approach for high accuracy 1. Location the stick inthe ground vertical to it and also mark the initial point from the shadow of the top of the stick.

This point should be established early in the early morning, at the very least one hr before midday. 2. Find an item or item of rope that is the

size of the darkness. 3. Remain to take shadow dimensions every 10-20 mins. Before noontime, the darkness will diminish in dimension, and also after midday will grow again.

4. Action the size of the darkness when it starts to expand. Using the thing or item of rope you utilized to determine the original darkness, inspect the dimension of the present shadow. When you realize that the recently grown darkness is completely constant with the size of the original, mark this factor.

5. Connect the two resulting factors (first and last) with a straight line, which will be the East-West line. If you stand to ensure that the very first point gets on the left as well as the 2nd on the right, then you will face North with your face.


in your hand in a horizontal placement. 2.

Point the clock hand at the sunlight. 3. Split the angle between this arrow and the 12:00 mark in half. The bisector of this angle will be the North-South line. If you don’t recognize where the North is, and also where the South is, simply bear in mind that the sun rises in the East and sets in the West.

In the northern hemisphere, at twelve noon the sun is precisely in the South. If you switched the time to daytime conserving time, after that you should halve the angle in between the hand pointing to the clock and also the 1:00 mark.

IV. Clock Approach (Southern Hemisphere)

1. As in the previous approach, you will certainly need an analog clock. At 12:00 on the clock, indicate the sunlight. If the clock is set to daytime conserving time, guide the clock at 1:00 in the sunlight.

2. Separate the angle between the 12:00 (or 1:00 for summertime time) mark and the hr hand in fifty percent. We obtain the North-South line. If you are having problem identifying the direction of the North and also the South, realize that in the southerly hemisphere at noontime the sunlight looks purely at the North.


create the best wall of the “pail “of the constellation )and proceed it, it will “factor”to the Polar Star. 2. Aesthetically attract a straight line from the North Celebrity downward perpendicular to the planet. Just she will certainly point you to the North. Establishing the rest of the world is


not hard.

side. 2. Find two stars creating the long axis of the cross. If you psychologically extend it, then it will “point” you to a fictional factor overhead above the Polar Post.

3. If you attract a vertical from it to the ground, it will look in the direction of the South. Identifying the rest of the world is uncomplicated.

2. Find the belt of Orion. There are a number of famous celebrities in the constellation. The belt – three celebrities in one row – stretched from East to West. We require to locate him.

3. Want to the side above the belt placement. Envision a head as well as hands. Just this will certainly be a pointer to the North .

A couple of ideas:

  • If you have only a digital clock with you, it will be feasible to determine parts of the globe with them. Most notably, you understand the exact time. The only thing left is to picture just how to position the hr hand on the dial. And after that follow the directions above.All of these approaches will require at the very least some practice from you. As a result, it would be far better to exercise when there is time as well as desire so that in extreme conditions of survival with 100 %certainty you can rely on your knowledge.When you try to find the North Celebrity in the night sky, it is important to understand that it is far from the brightest star in the sky. Therefore, right here you need to begin with the constellation Ursa Minor.It is not recommended to utilize the darkness method in polar areas whose latitude is above 60 °.

how has the cinema experience changed in recent years

Comments to the article: The Clone is a Brazilian telenovela that ran in the 2000s and almost everyone became hooked on it. And now, nearly 20 years later, when we think about this famous melodrama, we involuntarily start recalling the beautiful Jade, her beloved Lucas, and picturesque Moroccan streets.

What to text your friend when you are bored?

Comments to the article: It’s so good to have friends who we can talk about everything with, share our secrets with, and have a good time with. It’s even better when we have texts from them that we can read over and over again because they not only boost our mood, but they also remind us that a friend with a sense of humor is a priceless gift.

How did Hilaria Baldwin have a 6th baby so soon?

Comments to the article: Alec and Hilaria Baldwin are a great example of a couple who cares and shares. They showed us that happy marriages exist with their many kids and hugs and kisses, even after many years. And now there’s even more proof that they continue to carry on eternal family values.

How long does coronavirus live on different surfaces (updated)

What items should be careful and how to clean.

Is it possible to get COVID ‑ 19 infected by opening a parcel from AliExpress? What about books from the library or bar in the gym? We figure out how long coronavirus lives on different surfaces, based on existing studies, WHO data and the opinions of Susan Wootton and Michael Chang, two infectologists at McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas.

  • Although studies are still ongoing, WHO reports that the behavior of COVID ‑ 19 is in many ways similar to other already known and studied coronaviruses. This gives us an idea of ​​what the new virus is capable of.
  • The life span of coronavirus on different surfaces varies from several hours to several days. It depends not only on the material, but also on temperature and humidity. In laboratory conditions, it was possible to identify that coronaviruses live up to 9 days.
  • According to Wootton, in real conditions, this period is much lower and can be as little as a couple of hours. It lasts the longest in a cold and humid climate, but heat and dryness, on the contrary, kills it faster.
  • A fresh report based on 22 studies showed that disinfection of rooms, things and surfaces is really effective in combating the virus.

Things to be careful with

How long does coronavirus live on different surfaces
chuttersnap / unsplash

That’s what experts say about the dangers of certain objects during an outbreak of coronavirus.

  • Books from the library are relatively safe, says Wootton. At the same time, there are many dangers in the library: the virus can be on shelves with popular books (if they are open) and on tables in the reading room. You should be careful with everything that other people often touch.
  • Equipment in the gym, carts and baskets in the supermarket, door handles and toys in kindergarten can be dangerous, while individual lockers and other things that you don’t share with other people should be in order. If you touch a potentially infected object, wash your hands as soon as possible and do not touch your face .
  • According to data of the WHO, the risk of contracting of parcels is minimal.
  • But the smartphone should be cleaned for sure. We carry it everywhere, take it out of our pocket or bag many times a day, and it can become a real breeding ground for diseases. UV cleaning devices are quite suitable – Samsung provides this service for Galaxy devices for free – or use this instruction to disinfect your smartphone yourself. If possible, do not bring the smartphone to your face and talk through the speakerphone or headphones (but do not forget to regularly clean them, too).

Coronavirus protection cleaning

How long does coronavirus live on different surfaces
pascalhelmer / Pixabay

Here are the basic cleaning rules for the house and beyond, which should be followed during the potential threat of infection.

  • Wootton says you don’t have to worry about soft surfaces, but you should pay more attention to places you often come into contact with, such as door handles and cabinets in the kitchen and bathroom.
  • If you go to the gym, after use, wipe the dumbbells, fitness equipment and other equipment that you used after you. According to Michael Chang, the wet wipes found in most rooms really work. As a rule, they combine isopropyl alcohol, which kills bacteria, and / or benzalkonium chloride, which copes with both dirt and viruses.
  • After cleaning, it is important not to wipe the surface dry, but let it dry on its own – alcohol or other active ingredients take time to get rid of the virus.
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued house cleaning and disinfection instructions. Although conventional cleaning does not kill bacteria or viruses, it allows you to remove them, which minimizes the possibility of infection. Disinfection involves the complete extermination of bacteria.
  • It is recommended that you first get rid of the dirt with a detergent, and then walk on hard surfaces with diluted bleach or an alcohol solution with a concentration of at least 70%. Cleaning must be carried out with gloves; when working with chemicals, do not forget to ventilate the room.
  • Be prepared to clean often – at least once a day.
  • When washing, use the maximum temperature allowed for the fabric. If your machine has a drying mode, use it. Remember that coronavirus does not tolerate heat and dryness.

Update : A  new study  has provided more accurate data specifically for SARS-CoV-2. So, the causative agent of the new virus lives up to 20 hours on cardboard, up to 50 on steel and up to 70 on plastic.